Monthly Archives: June 2019

Heroin is a potent drug made from morphine. Unlike prescription forms of pain-relieving medications, addicts choose to use heroin recreationally for the euphoric feelings it can create in the body. Due to these pleasurable feelings, discontinuing the use of heroin can be very difficult for many people. WHY CONSUMING HEROIN

Some of the immediate effects of taking heroin include: 

  • a rush of pleasurable feelings and relief from physical pain
  • feeling sick or vomiting
  • shallow breathing, drowsiness and sleepiness
  • a drop in body temperature
  • narrowing of the pupils
  • loss of sex drive.

Symptoms of heroin overdose

One of the most dangerous adverse effects of heroin use is the risk of overdose. The symptoms of overdose include: 

  • dangerously low body temperature
  • slowed breathing
  • blue lips and fingernails
  • cold, clammy skin
  • convulsions and coma.

What to do if you suspect an overdose

If someone who has taken drugs does not respond when you talk to them, is snoring loudly or making gurgling noises, they may be in a coma and having trouble breathing. Do not assume that they are just ‘sleeping off’ the effects. Their airway may be blocked by their tongue falling back or other blockages.WHY CONSUMING HEROIN

This is a medical emergency. If you can’t wake them, dial triple zero (000) to call an ambulance immediately.

Symptoms of heroin withdrawal

Withdrawal symptoms can start after a matter of hours without a dose of heroin. They may include: 

  • cravings
  • diarrhoea and vomiting
  • stomach cramps
  • sweating
  • bone, joint and muscle pain and twitching
  • mood swings and crying

Cocaine: Leaves of the coca plant (Erythroxylum coca) have been used as a stimulant in South America for thousands of years. The drug derived from coca, cocaine — popularly known as coke, blow or Bolivian marching powder — has been credited with a range of health benefits.why cocaine is considered special.

Cocaine can be used as a topical anesthetic for surgical procedures due to its rapid-acting numbing properties. When combined with other compounds into a preparation called TAC, cocaine can also treat minor skin lacerations, since the drug is an effective vasoconstrictor (narrows blood vessels).why cocaine is considered special.

Dr. Andrew Weil, founder and director of the Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, has studied coca’s gastrointestinal effects among South American communities. “If you look carefully at the coca leaf’s molecular array, you find 14 bioactive alkaloids … while cocaine acts as a gut stimulant, other coca alkaloids can have precisely the opposite action. They inhibit gut activity,” Weil wrote in the Huffington Post.

Medical

Cocaine hydrochloride

Topical cocaine can be used as a local numbing agent to help with painful procedures in the mouth or nose.

Cocaine is now predominantly used for nasal and lacrimal duct surgery. The major disadvantages of this use are cocaine’s potential for cardiovascular toxicity, glaucoma, and pupil dilation. Medicinal use of cocaine has decreased as other synthetic local anesthetics such as benzocaineproparacainelidocaine, and tetracaine are now used more often. If vasoconstriction is desired for a procedure (as it reduces bleeding), the anesthetic is combined with a vasoconstrictor such as phenylephrine or epinephrine. Some ENT specialists occasionally use cocaine within the practice when performing procedures such as nasal cauterization. In this scenario dissolved cocaine is soaked into a ball of cotton wool, which is placed in the nostril for the 10–15 minutes immediately before the procedure, thus performing the dual role of both numbing the area to be cauterized, and vasoconstriction. Even when used this way, some of the used cocaine may be absorbed through oral or nasal mucosa and give systemic effects. An alternative method of administration for ENT surgery is mixed with adrenaline and sodium bicarbonate, as Moffett’s solution.

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